Diabetic neuropathy is quite common in people who suffer from diabetes. It is caused by not managing the condition properly over a period of time. Neuropathy is actually a blanket term for a number of different nerve damage conditions experienced by diabetics. Because there are various conditions, and because each individual is unique, the symptoms experienced can vary widely. In fact, some people don’t have any symptoms at all, whereas others have debilitating symptoms such as paralysis, numbness, pain, tingling, and more in various parts of their body. While peripheral neuropathy, which affects the extremities, is most common, neuropathy can actually occur in any part of the body, including the sex organs, heart, digestive tract, and any other organ.
It is believed that between 60% and 70% of those who have diabetes will have neuropathy to some degree. This can happen at any time, but the risk increases with age and the longer the condition is poorly managed. Neuropathy is most common in people who were diagnosed 25 years ago or more. It is particularly common in those who struggle to control their blood glucose levels, and in those who are overweight, have high blood pressure, or high levels of bad cholesterol.
Because there are different types of diabetic nerve pain, there are also different causes associated with it. At present, studies are being conducted to determine how high glucose levels in the blood affect nerve damage. Overall, however, a number of factors are believed to be responsible.
Firstly, there are metabolic factors, which include the duration of diabetes and levels of blood sugar. Secondly, there are neurovascular factors. These can damage the body’s different blood vessels, which are responsible for the transportation of nutrients and oxygen to the nerves. Other factors include nerve inflammation caused by an autoimmune response, carpal tunnel syndrome or other physical injuries to the nerves, genetic factors that leave someone more susceptible to nerve problems, and lifestyle, with alcohol consumption and smoking believed to be contributing factors.
Each individual will have very different symptoms. It all depends on which type of neuropathy they suffer from, and where the affected nerves are located. It is not uncommon for the condition to be fully asymptomatic, but most people experience pain, tingling, and numbness, particularly in the feet. Usually, these symptoms are very minor. However, neuropathy is a progressive disease, which means the symptoms get worse over time, with each flareup being slightly worse than the last one. Symptoms can affect any part of the body, including the nervous system (involuntary or autonomic), the motor system, and the sensory system. People who suffer from focal neuropathy will often experience sudden and very severe pain.
Usually, the condition leads to pain, tingling, and numbness in the fingers, hands, arms, toes and feet, and/or legs. The muscle tissue in the hands and feet also becomes wasted. People often suffer from nausea and/or vomiting, as well as indigestion. Constipation and diarrhea are also common, and this is not to be confused with IBS, which some patients self-diagnose with. When people stand up, their blood pressure will often drop, leading to faintness or dizziness. Some people also find urinating very difficult. If the nerves in the sex organs are affected, women may experience vaginal dryness, whereas men may experience erectile dysfunction. Generalized weakness is also very common.
Neuropathy is almost always a symptom of an underlying condition. However, it significantly reduces someone’s quality of life. As a result, it may make people develop other conditions, including depression and weight loss, meaning those conditions are symptomatic of a symptom themselves.
As stated, the exact symptoms of diabetic nerve damage vary depending on the type of neuropathy someone suffers from. As such, those with peripheral neuropathy, which is the most common, will experience pain and loss of feeling in their hands, arms, legs, feet, toes, and fingers. Those with autonomic neuropathy usually have bladder and bowel problems, excessive perspiration, and a changed sexual response. Additionally, they may find that the nerves in their eyes and lungs are affected due to their blood pressure. Furthermore, it can lead to hypoglycemia unawareness, which means that people can no longer feel when their blood sugar levels drop dangerously low.
Those who suffer from proximal neuropathy will experience pain in their buttocks, hips, and/or thighs. They also often develop weak legs. Finally, people can suffer from focal neuropathy. Here, a single or group of nerves is suddenly affected, leading to pain and weakness in the muscle. This can happen anywhere in the body. For people who suffer from nerve pain, Nerve Renew has received lots of positive feedback from customers and is worth taking a serious look.